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Posts Tagged ‘recruitment’

Interminably Weak :: Merit Matters

Friday, May 9, 2014 posted by admin

Author Shelby Steele has written that programs, preferences and set-asides that target women and minorities cause these groups to be viewed “as almost interminably weak” and place a “pitying stigma” on even the most hard-earned achievement. This belief has been echoed across at least 40 years by Fire Commissioner Gus Beekman (the second black man to hold that position, and someone who rose through the uniformed ranks from Firefighter to Chief of Department)) who counseled that no one should seek special treatment and “that any pressures applied by the Fire Department (in the form of standards and competitive examinations) are designed to propel men forward rather than to hold them back” all the way to current Firefighter Angel Vazquez of Engine 71 (the Merit Matters Battalion 14 Representative) whose sustained outrage, loudly and repeatedly expressed, at the idea that blacks and Hispanics cannot compete with whites on written tests I hear on a regular basis. And FF Vazquez is not alone – countless firefighters of all races and ranks also reject the proposition that some races are inferior to others and can’t achieve success without the benevolent (in truth, malevolent) assistance of lawsuits and quotas. One Hispanic Firefighter even suggested that some sort of identifying mark be added to our uniforms so that NYC residents and fellow firefighters will know that he earned his job.

This Release is being written and distributed on the day a trial was to begin to determine if NYC and the FDNY intentionally discriminated against minorities (although that’s not exactly true as Asians, Native Americans and “other” were determined by Judge Nicholas Garaufis to be “strong” enough to compete on written tests). Only blacks and Hispanics are to receive a stigma, courtesy of the Vulcan Society (but not, it is important to note, the Hispanic Society – they refused to join the Vulcans in the lawsuit). Consider the following facts which detail the expensive and extensive efforts by NYC and the FDNY, stretching back decades, to integrate: 

In order to entice people of color and women into joining the FDNY, the city of New York has:

  • Complied with a 1973 quota for blacks that resulted in blacks comprising nearly 8% of the firefighting ranks. The incorrect belief expressed in court documents that the percentage of blacks has “held steady at around 3%” since that time to now would not have been posited had the judge accepted my offer of help.
  • Spent well over $20 million on recruitment since the 1980s
  • Established a Fire Cadet program
  • Established an Explorer program
  • Extended established filing periods for tests so more minorities could sign up. This has been done repeatedly, most recently for the 2012 entry test.
  • Geared tests towards factors that would enable minority and women applicants to compete for and enhance their chances of being considered for positions as firefighters. The 2007 test was designed to get as many applicants as possible to pass.
  • Established city residency credits to benefit minority applicants, even applying the credit retroactively to a test given two years earlier.
  • Established a Pass/Fail Promotion test from EMS titles to Firefighter to increase the number of minority and female firefighters.
  • Given a test on which credit was given for wrong answers.
  • Established a high school whose mission is to get female and minority students interested in firefighting
  • Celebrated with one of the original female firefighters, Linore Simmond, when she was awarded the Isaac Liberman Public Service Award for her contributions to FDNY minority recruitment efforts. This was awarded in 1994 and came with a $3,500 cash award – does Paul Washington continue to claim that recruitment efforts in the past (this was 20 years ago) were pitiful? Does that mean this award earned by an African-American woman was, in truth, not earned?
  • Appointed Battalion Chief Phil Parr, so highly regarded that he was a finalist to be Fire Commissioner in 2009 and has recently been mentioned again for this position, to head the Recruitment Unit. Again I ask – does Paul Washington think the appointment of this African-American was a pitiful effort? And, if so, why did Washington turn down the chance to run the Recruitment Unit himself when it was offered to him?
  • Worked with the NY Sports Club in establishing a program to help females pass the physical
  • Established a Fire Service Fellowship at John Jay College
  • Made “a Hell of an effort” to bring as many people of color into the FDNY as possible according to Doug White when he, an African-American, was Commissioner of Personnel under Mayor David Dinkins. Mr. White is currently an Assistant Commissioner in the FDNY and still very involved in its minority recruitment effort.

That is quite an impressive list (and it isn’t even complete). New York City sure has a funny way of intentionally discriminating against minorities. 

One of the recurring falsehoods implied repeatedly in this debate is that it is the overwhelmingly white FDNY that makes up the tests that “discriminate” against minorities. The truth is that it is the Department of Citywide Administrative Services (DCAS – formerly known as the Department of Personnel, where Doug White was once Commissioner) which performs this task – and DCAS is a majority minority agency. Does anyone seriously think that DCAS is conspiring to keep minorities, especially blacks (because the Hispanic numbers in the FDNY are rising naturally as Hispanics decide they want the job, and then prepare) out of the FDNY? Blacks are the most over-represented group in city employment, employment gained by taking tests prepared by –you guessed it – DCAS.

What of those tests? Since they are at the center of this lawsuit, anyone hoping to understand the issues surrounding it or comment intelligently should familiarize themselves with the tests – and this is easily done. Simply go to the NY Times website:

Once there, search for the 1999 and 2002 FDNY entry tests. You will quickly and easily see that these were essentially “open book” tests; all the information necessary to answer each question correctly was provided directly above the question. No, really, it was. 

So there will be no trial beginning today. The NYC Administration decided to settle the case (words like “surrender” and “abandoning” were used to describe this decision) and “broad injunctive relief” will be utilized to achieve certain goals (which includes seeking “an increase in the number of blacks at all ranks within the department” according to court documents – a goal which should concern all that quota promotions are on the horizon and also shake up any apathetic incumbents who hope to be promoted in the future).

No trial, but no end to our advocacy, either. If anything, being abandoned and watching too many both within and outside of the FDNY surrendering only energizes us, and we take inspiration from the words of USMC General Lewis “Chesty” Puller:

“We’re surrounded. That simplifies the problem! Now we can fire in any direction!”

Paul Mannix
Merit Matters

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Tone at the Top

Tuesday, September 17, 2013 posted by admin

From Merit Matters, 12 Sep 2013:

Court Monitor Mark Cohen submitted a Periodic Report To The Court yesterday indicating that his review of FDNY recruitment and EEO reports “make it clear that more work remains to be done” in specific areas, including the Tone at the Top. Here is his review:

Research by the Monitor, the City, and their respective consultants makes clear that lasting and effective advances in diversity consistent with the Modified Remedial Order will require unambiguous, sustained and vocal support from FDNY leadership. Significant progress has been made, but the “tone at the top” must be sustained, and it should not be limited to the senior-most ranks of the department. Concrete, positive messages regarding diversity and the remediation process should be clearly and frequently voiced by officers at all levels of the FDNY, from the Commissioner down to the division and firehouse level. The city should update the Monitor on its “tone at the top” messaging on a regular basis.

The late Augustus "Gus" Beekman former FDNY C-o-D and Fire Commissioner

The late Augustus “Gus” Beekman former FDNY C-o-D and Fire Commissioner

Allow me to provide an update along with a history lesson.

First, the lesson. In the early 1990s Mayor David Dinkins and Personnel Director Douglas White (currently part of the FDNY Administration) attempted to end testing for the rank of FDNY Captain in favor of an appointment system in order to increase the number of minorities and women in that rank and the ones above. This intent, revealed in a memo from Mr. White, was vigorously opposed by the city’s first Hispanic Fire Commissioner, Carlos Rivera. “The cure would be worse than the illness” wrote Commissioner Rivera in a letter to Mr. White. “The use of discretionary appointments to exclude (white candidates for captain) would be extremely disruptive to the social fabric of our department”.

Continuing our lesson we turn to Gus Beekman, a black FDNY Commissioner (although not the first one). In WNYF 1/74 Commissioner Beekman, at the time a Staff Chief, wrote that “human nature resists performing up to maximum potential without the influence of motivating or compelling forces. In the Fire Department such forces are expressed in the form of recruitment and promotion standards, the administration of competitive examinations, and the recording of comparative performance ratings…any pressures applied by the Fire Department are designed to propel men forward rather than to hold them back”. Based on these quotes it has been made clear that the tone expressed by both a black and Hispanic Fire Commissioner would not be acceptable to Mr. Cohen. Neither will the tone I will now express in my update.

I would like to see unambiguous, sustained and vocal support from FDNY leadership for the concepts of safety, equal treatment, high standards and color blind decision making. I would like to see the Administration enforce the FDNY EEO Policy Statement as it calls for employment decisions to be made without regard to color, gender, race or religion – that means no quotas, no disciplinary disparity, no targeted recruitment. I would like to see the EEO Unit recognize that it harms its ostensible mission by employing firefighters who support racist and sexist employment policies as EEO instructors.

I will not transmit positive messages about the remediation process as that process discriminates based on race. I will repeat my concrete position on diversity: I don’t care if the FDNY is all black, or all female, or all Asian or even all white as long as all are competent and earned the job on merit. I have and will clearly and frequently voice my opposition to any and all who put their ideology or their careers ahead of the safety of NYC residents and firefighters.

Diversity for the sake of diversity is dangerous and unacceptable, even if it does provide employment for EEO professionals and a wide array of consultants as well as cash payouts for the perpetually offended. This concept, and the accompanying odious practices installed to achieve it, will continue to be opposed by Merit Matters (the most diverse group concerned with the FDNY – a diversity achieved organically, by presenting positions that reasonable people of all groups support).

– Paul Mannix, President – Merit Matters

Read the original article here.

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There are four articles, all of which were published on the Merit Matters blog in 2010 and 2011, which discuss disparate impact — which  goes against The United Civil Servants’ desire to conduct fair tests so we can discover and develop the very best firefighters.

In “Standing Up for Higher Standards” published on Aug. 9, 2010, New York City Mayor Mike Bloomberg put it best when he said: “If some people don’t want to go into that career, forcing them into it just because you have this quota system doesn’t make any sense.”

We also recommend reading three other Merit Matters posts that reflect our viewpoint:

  • Feds: NJ Police Sergeant Exams Discriminatory (Jan. 10, 2010)
  • The Core Issue of the Preference Debate” (Nov. 19, 2010)
  • Just How “DUMBED-Down’ is ‘Smart Enough?” (July 22, 2011)
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Diversity for Sake of Diversity Dilutes Firefighter Recruitment

Wednesday, June 27, 2012 posted by admin

From Oct. 17, 2011

We wholeheartedly embrace diversity. It has made operations like the Newark Fire Department what they are, because recruitment will happen naturally based on the Brick City’s population. However, as stated in this Merit Matters post, “The Concept of ‘Diversity as Value’ is Being Challenged in the Courts!” having diversity for the sake of diversity dilutes the quality of recruitment – and, ultimately, service as well.

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